Caroline Miller

Partner, Head of Private Client

Private Client
Profile Image


Caroline leads the Private Client team which includes the On-shore, Off-shore and Disputes teams as well as a dedicated Arts & Luxury practice. Her contentious work includes dealing with disputes arising from either a Will or Trust as well as claims under the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975 (“1975 Act claims”), Variation of Trust Applications, and the removal of personal representative applications. Caroline advises Executors, Trustees, beneficiaries and professionals on their duties, obligations and rights with regards to Wills and Trusts. In addition to this, Caroline also advises on a wide range of non-contentious private client matters, including wealth protection, estate planning, trust and estate administration, and the preparation of Lasting Powers of Attorney, as well as applications to the Court of Protection. Caroline acts as both trustee for her trust clients and executor for her deceased clients.

Recent Experience

  • Advising trustees of a large family trust worth over £90m on general trust administration.
  • Applying for the removal of an executor, which was resolved through mediation.
  • Advising a spouse in respect of a 1975 Act claim.
  • Variation of Trust application on a £500m trust to include application for anonymity.
  • Advising a couple on estate planning in respect of a £30m estate to include liaising with their accountant over the creation of a Family Investment Company and involving our corporate team for preparation of the articles for the same.
  • Advising a charitable trust on its ongoing administration to include hosting biannual trustees meetings.
  • Acting in the reported case of PQ and another v RS and others [2019] EWHC 1643 (Ch).
  • Acting in the reported case of Rawstron and Anor v Freud [2014] EWHC 2577 (Ch).

Career History

Caroline trained at Penningtons and moved to the Private Client department of Finers Stephen Innocent in 2007. She joined the Private Client department of Cumberland Ellis in 2010 and has been at Wedlake Bell since the merger with Cumberland Ellis in April 2012. In 2019 Caroline was nominated for Lawyer of the Year/Partner at the CityWealth Future Leaders Awards. She is a member of Society of Trust and Estate Practitioners (STEP) and the Association of Contentious Trust and Probate Specialists (ACTAPS). Caroline is Chair of the STEP Special Interest Group committee for Contentious Trusts and Estates.

Caroline qualified in 2006 and has a degree in Theology from the University of Durham.


Caroline has written a variety of  articles for publications to include Spears, eprivate client, Todays Wills and Probate and InTrust (Private Client team magazine).

Caroline is excellent all round - hugely supportive of clients and very strong on the law.

Chambers, High Net Worth 2023

She is a great communicator, client-focused and commercial in her approach.

Chambers, High Net Worth 2023

his firm handles some very large trusts and this feeds into a strong and successful contentious team. Andrew O’Keefe and Caroline Miller are both great to work with.

Legal 500, 2023

Wedlake Bell is a world-class team of contentious trusts lawyers, often leading the way in key areas such as confidentiality, disclosure and cross-border enforcement. They have outstanding talent at all levels and have developed innovative and well-resourced ways of keeping them. Caroline Miller gets the very best out of her team.

Legal 500, 2023

Caroline Miller may possibly be the best contentious trusts partner in the world. She creates an instant bond of trust with clients, keeps the commercial realities in mind and is unceasingly creative and courageous in pursuing their goals.

Legal 500, 2023

Caroline Miller s practice combines contentious and non-contentious elements of private wealth to assist clients in various matters. Miller's client skills are also noted, a source says: "Caroline is a strong advocate for her clients, she is focused and intelligent in her approach and yet commercial in her dealings with clients." Another commentator says that "clients love her, she invests a lot of time into their cases."

Chambers, High Net Worth 2022

Caroline Miller is a very experienced private client lawyer who has turned her considerable skillset to resolving disputes.

Legal 500, 2022

Caroline Miller is a wonderful C&P litigation partner, charming, intelligent and commercial.

Legal 500, 2022

Caroline Miller – partner in private client team with litigation experience, knowledgeable and a practical problem solver.

Legal 500, 2022

I have worked with Caroline for many years. She is really excellent and manages a great team.

Legal 500, 2022

Caroline Miller is a litigator with deep private client knowledge.

Legal 500, 2021

Caroline Miller is steadily building a reputation as a significant player in this field

Legal 500 UK, 2020

Top 35 under 35 by Private Client Practitioner in 2012, 2013, 2014

Named in the 2014 Spears Guide to the Top High Net Worth Private Client Advisors;

Shortlisted by Spears for Young Turk Tax and Trust Lawyer 2014

Breaking News

Autumn Statement 2023 – Private Client Reaction

The Chancellor’s Autumn Statement on 22 November 2023 did not include any headline announcements for private clients, despite speculation in the weeks leading up to the speech that the ChancellorRead more


Wills and Probate Monthly Update – May 2023

A round-up of legal updates for the Wills and probate industry over the past month is as follows. Contentious estates – a promise made by deed can override testamentary freedomRead more


Wills and Probate Monthly Update – April 2023

A round-up of legal updates for the Wills and probate industry over the past month is as follows. Tax policy – new tax year The new tax rates and allowancesRead more


Trust Quarterly Review: ‘Exercise regime’

How the UK Privy Council’s decision in Grand View clarifies the extent of trustees’ fiduciary powers in relation to excluding or adding beneficiaries. Caroline Miller and Sarah Turner, ‘Exercise regime’,Read more


Piercing the art world’s cloak of secrecy: Hickox v Dickinson – eprivateclient

Head of Private Client Disputes Team, Caroline Miller, and Solicitor Jack Martin in the Private Client team, have written an insightful piece addressing the case of Hickox v Dickinson andRead more



A recent Supreme Court ruling has highlighted that transfers between registered pension schemes can have unintended inheritance tax (“IHT”) consequences. In this case, the late Mrs Staveley (“Mrs S”) wasRead more


Inheriting an art collection

Partner Caroline Miller and Solicitor Jack Martin have co-written a piece addressing what to consider when a large art collection is inherited, published in Today’s Wills & Probate. To readRead more


Remote witnessing of Wills – what could possibly go wrong?

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted issues with some of the more archaic parts of the law surrounding the creation of Wills. Section 9 of the Wills Act 1837 requires aRead more

Legal Podcast

Episode 17: The Importance of Making a Will

In this podcast, Caroline Miller discusses the importance of making a will and keeping it up to date.


How families can get the wealth transfer right and avoid things getting messy – EPrivateClient

Head of the Private Client Disputes Team, Caroline Miller, and solicitor Sarah Turner comment and discuss a number of key steps that you can take during your lifetime to helpRead more


Remote witnessing: no longer a remote possibility for Wills- Today’s Wills and Probate

Head of the Private Client Disputes Team, Caroline Miller, and solicitor Katie Turney comment and discuss the Government’s recent landmark announcement that it will be introducing temporary legislation to allow WillsRead more


Estate Planning for the Complex Client seminar on 14 May 2019

On 14 May 2019, Caroline Miller and Clare Armitage from our Private Client Team, Conrad Adam from our Family Team and Edward Craft from Corporate, hosted a seminar on EstateRead more


Profile – Caroline Miller

Q: Tell us a little about yourself and your expertise I am a Partner at Wedlake Bell. I have been practising for over 12 years, advising on Private Client workRead more


Caroline Miller and Clare Armitage: Advising complex clients – Professional Adviser 29/04/2019

As clients become increasingly global and sophisticated in their asset base, the issues that advisers must consider become ever more complex, write Caroline Miller and Clare Armitage. The digital eraRead more


“I am unhappy with the personal representatives administering an estate. What can I do?” – Caroline Miller writes for Advising Families

I am unhappy with the personal representatives administering an estate. What can I do? As a beneficiary, you have the right to challenge the personal representatives of an estate ifRead more


“Could my will be challenged by friends or relatives after my death?” – Caroline Miller explores for Advising Families

Could my will be challenged by friends or relatives after my death? Under the laws of England and Wales, an individual has complete testamentary freedom. This means that you haveRead more



Two contentious probate cases have recently caught the press’s attention: Ilott v The Blue Cross and Martin v Williams. In Ilott, an estranged daughter was claiming a share in herRead more


“Can you alter a joint Will?” – Caroline Miller and Andrew McIntyre respond for Choice Magazine

Partner, Caroline Miller, and Solicitor, Andrew McIntyre, have responded to a reader’s question for Choice Magazine. Responding to a complex issue surrounding joint Wills, Caroline and Andrew wrote, “claims [underRead more


The importance of a current Will

Whilst one Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975 (‘1975 Act’) case has dominated the headlines (Ilott v The Blue Cross [2017] UKSC 17) there has been another recentRead more